The first line of defense against mosquitos is to seal their point of entry. Mosquitos are most active in the early morning and early evening. They seek areas of still air because they are hampered by breezes. Close windows and doors on the side of your house which are opposite the breeze. Then try:*.The most important measure you can take is to remove standing water sources. Change birdbaths, wading pools and pet’s water bowl twice a week. Keep your eaves-troughs clean and well-draining. Remove yard items that collect water.*.Campers often report that the very best mosquito repellent isHerbal Armor, a nontoxic DEET-free repellent which is also recommended by National Geographic. For small areas such as decks or patios,citronella beeswax and soy candlescan be effective. These candles are most effective when placed low to the floor of the deck and in areas where there is little breeze.*.If you’re using the barbeque, throw a bit of sage or rosemary on the coals to repel mosquitos.*.An effective natural bug repellent, mix one part garlic juice with 5 parts water in a small spray bottle. Shake well before using. Spraylightly on exposed body parts for an effective repellent lasting up to 5 – 6 hours. Strips of cotton cloth can also be dipped in this mixture and hung in areas, such as patios, as a localized deterrent. Commercially available garlic based, all natural mosquito repellent and larvae killer will repel mosquitoes up to 4 weeks*.Neem oil is a natural vegetable oil extracted from the Neem tree in India. The leaves, seeds and seed oil of the Neem tree contain sallanin, a compound which has effective mosquito repelling properties. Neem oil is a natural product and is safe to use.*.Planting marigolds around your yard works as a natural bug repellent because the flowers give off a fragrance bugs and flyinginsects do not like.*.Safe, nontoxicpheromone-based mosquito trapsare now commercially available.*.For outdoor mosquito control,bat housesare effective. Some bat species can eat 500 – 1000 mosquitoes each per might.*.If you’re stung,Ditch the Itchis a nontoxic cream which takes the itch out of bite.
Is DEET safe?The active ingredient in most chemical-based mosquito repellents is DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide), developed by the US military in the 1940s. This powerful chemical is absorbed readily into the skin, and should be used with caution.Common side-effects to DEET-based products include rash, swelling, itching and eye-irritation. often due to over-application. For safer use, consider the following:~ The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that repellents used on children contain no more than 10% DEET. Parents should assist children in applying DEET-based products.~ Lotions can be applied more effectively than sprays. Only a thin layer should be used.~ Be careful to avoid areas near the eyes or mouth.~ Wash skin exposed to DEET after coming in from mosquito areas.~ Minimize exposed skin areas by wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants, if possible.Recent research suggests that DEET products, used sparingly for brief periods, are relatively safe. Otherresearchpoints to toxic encephalopathy associated with use of DEET insect repellents. Experts warn that DEET shouldn’t be used in combination with sun-screen because DEET shouldn’t be reapplied often.Thai lemon grass(Cymbopogon citratus) is a natural and effective mosquito repellent. It contains the natural oil, citronella, which is safe and effective; in fact, lemon grass citronella is considered more effective than true citronella as an insect repellent.You can buy Thai lemon grass at garden centers and supermarkets, and it grows readily into a clump about 15″ across and about 2ft tall. To use as a mosquito repellent, break a stalk off from the clump, peel off the outer leaves, until you find the scallion-like stem at the base. Bend the stem between your fingers, loosening it, then rub it vigorously between your palms – it will soon become a pulpy, juicy mass. Rub this over all exposed skin, covering thoroughly at least once. You can also make a tincture using alcohol, for spray applications.Plantings around the patio will also help repel mosquitoes.